This subject is something I am very passionate about. To me, it seems unfair that people of different gender, race, or age and discriminated against in the work force which is why I was encouraged to pursue this area of study. In contributing to this blog, I helped conduct research in the area of race, gender, and age while finding graphs that could help exemplify the findings. Also, I wrote a description for each area of our study to help show viewers the problem with the wage gap.
Answering our main questions:
Yes. Gender, race, and age all play a key role in determining wage. Based on our research we have found that gender has the greatest impact on deciding wages. This could be due to the sources we decided to choose or that gender inequality in the workplace has recently resurfaced in the media.
Ellen Pao: Picture by Noreen Farrel
Pattern, Eileen. “On Equal Pay Day, Key Facts about the Gender Pay Gap.” Pew Research Center RSS. N.p., 14 Apr. 2015. Web. 29 Apr. 2015.
This source comes from the Pew Research Center, a highly regarded team of researchers and journalist by universities all around the United States. We argue that this is a good source because it clearly states the difference in wage gaps throughout the last two centuries in the U.S. This site is also respected by many College Professors and is known to states facts not opinions like many journal articles do today. The main theme discussed in this source is the wage gap between genders stating than men still have the advantage in the work force. This contributes to our blog because it shows easy to read graphs for those that wish to see a visual perspective. It also shows why we have this problem and how it has progressed over the last few years.
The authors of this book argue that gender determines what wages a worker will receive. This is recent study that was completed from 2010-2012. This specific study targets the western world (America). This research was sponsored by the Labor of Economics research program which is responsible for producing multiple books, like Gender Convergence, that analyze the wage gap. This would contribute to our blog because it gives us evidence to state: Yes, gender does contribute to unfair wages and is still a present problem today.
Cobble, Dorothy S. Women and Unions: Forging a Partnership. Ithica, N.Y.: IRL, 1993. Print.
Cobble argues that from the late 20th century to the early 21st century women have not only paid less, but also have been treated worse than men. The main theme of this particular book is the stereotypes of women have carried over into the workplace. Mrs. Cobble will contribute to helping us answer our central question. Mrs. Cobble provides enough evidence to support the idea that gender is the trait that has the most weight in regards to the wage gap in comparison to age and race.
Detroit, Mich. Encyclopedia of Race and Racism. USA: Macmillan Reference, 2008. Print.
Detroit argues that it is currently race that contributes to the wage gap in American. Detroit provides historical evidence from the 60’s to show that race has always caused in equality of wages in America. Specifically, Detroit will contribute to the blog by supporting our idea that race alongside gender is the leading cause of today’s wage gap.
Garcia, Ruben J. Marginal Workers: How Legal Fault Lines Divide Workers and Leave Them Without Protection. New York: New York UP, 2012. Print.
Garcia argues that all three factors (race, gender, and age) are all contributing to the wage gap. Garcia says that being a minority or an immigrant in almost every case results in being paid lower wages. Garcia’s piece contributes to our blog because it helps us give a clear example of what type of person (a female of a minority group) is it the lowest end of the wage gap.
Mishel, Lawrence R., Jared Bernstein, and Heidi Shierholz. The State of Working America: 2008-2009. Ithaca, NY: ILR, 2009. Print.
Mishel argues that over the last 7 years race has been the deciding factor for wage in America. Mishel’s study started in 1988 and is still an ongoing process. Mishel looks at families as a whole and how families of color have a lower annual income than those who are white in America. Mishel contributes to the portion of our blog that examines how race is factored in when looking at the wage gap. Mishel also provides with graphical support for our blog.
O’Neill, June, and David M. O’Neill. The Declining Importance of Race and Gender in the Labor Market: The Role of Employment Discrimination Policies. Washington, D.C.: AEI, 2012. Print.
O’Neil argues that it is race and gender that generally create a wage gap. This book looks at the historical reasons that there are wage gap and the different acts that have been enacted through the years that are aimed to reduce the wage gap. O’Neil released this publication in 2012 equipping our blog with modern statistics. This information contributed to our blog by helping us decipher our graphs and giving us evidence for both race and gender.
Roediger, David R. The Wages of Whiteness: Race and the Making of the American Working Class. London: Verso, 1991. Print.
In this book, Roediger argues that it is race that has the greatest impact on wage discrimination. Roediger argues that it is the psychological and ideological factors of Americans that will always allow those of a white race to receive the highest wages. This professor’s publication were released in the early 90’s and contributed to our blog by helping analyzing the information for the conclusion.
Russell, Cheryl. American Incomes: Demographics of Who Has Money. Ithaca, NY: New Strategist Publications, 2005. Print.
Russell presents an argument that race is factor with the most weight when talking about the wage gap. Russell explores how racial profiling carries into the work place and allows for minorities to receive lower wages. These demographics were collected in the early 21st century and then published in 2005. Russell contributes to the blog by giving insight of why there is a wage gap between races.
Does race contribute to unequal pay?
Yes, race is a deciding factor for income (How Legal Fault Lines Divide Workers and Leave Them Without Protection) Yes, recent studies show this type of discrimination is happening in the workplace now (The State of Working America).
Who makes the most?
Why does race effect the wage gap?
It is thought that racial profiling is an activity that carries over to the work place as well. It is thought that a majority of companies don’t see anything wrong with minorities receiving lower wages (American Incomes: Demographics of Who Has Money).
Uygur, Cenk. “Stunning Gap In Wealth Between Whites & Blacks.” YouTube. The Young Turks, n.d. Web. 29 Apr. 2015.
“The Young Turks” is a highly viewed television programmed centered around government, politics, and modern day problems found today in the United States. Lead by Cenk Uygur, it aired from 2002 to 2013. This report by Uygur talks about the wage gap between races and shows the huge difference between Black Americans and White Americans. I argue that this is a credible source because all the information used for this segment derived from the Pew Research Center which, again, is highly regarded by many universities in the U.S. as a credible source. This contributed to our blog by giving us an estimate of the difference in racial wage gaps, giving our viewers a clearly picture of the problem found today.
Does gender effect how much one will make?
Based on our research: Yes, females in America make less than men.
Our sources suggest that most employers prefer to hire males in minimum wage jobs, but females are hired they frequently receive less pay than men, furthermore, if you are female of a minority you are more likely to feel the consequences of the wage gap. Females making less than men is an on-going issue, however, there are sources that suggest this gap is slowly closing (Gender, Inequality, and Wages).
Why do women make less than men?
Although there are many working to close this gap, men have had the authority in the work place for a while and change will obviously take time. (Forging a partnership)
How is the issue currently being addressed?
Our research has shown us that this is an issue that surpasses the minimum wage atmosphere, in fact, the higher paid jobs see more inequality (“Unequal Pay for Women”). The main issue is that most women are unaware that they are receiving unequal pay, and we they do find out they are sure how to fix the problem. The term “77 of 1.00” is a common slogan when it comes to woman, but many believe the problem stems far from that. This is something that has been engraved in many peoples brain, “men should make more than woman.”- Jana Kasperkevic.
I am very passionate about this topic. In order for this blog to be a success, I hope to work on the research and synthesizing all the information we find. My portion of the project will also include checking out if sources are accurate and applicable to our questions. I will also work on compiling all our research into a blog.
Welcome to our blog!
This blog will examine the injustices that occur with the distribution of wages in modern America.
What we want to know:
Does ones race, age, and/or gender determine their amount of income? Are places with that provide minimum wage more likely to discriminate? Is this problem localized in a specific state or is it a nation wide issue?
Why we want to know:
Currently, the minimum wage does not compromise the cost of living for family: extra pay cuts cannot be afforded. That is why it is important that reality of this discrimination comes to surface. We want to see which factor (race, age, gender) has the most weight with uneven distribution.
How will we determine these factors?
We will combine different opinions of authors, research, charts, and interviews to see if there is a wage gap and which factor (race,gender,age) causes the largest gap.